Brachycorythis - Lindley
An old World genus of 55 terrestrial species, this genus is represented in India by 8 dpecies. Three species have been reported to occur in Kerala.
1.Brachycorythis iantha (Wight) Summerh., Kew Bull.2:238/1955; Abraham and Vatsala 1981:254.
Platanthera iantha Wight, Ic. Pl. Ind. Or. 5(1): 11. t. 1692. 1851.
This species is characterized by the obovate or orbicular-obovate epichile of lip with a triangular apiculus, petals that are adnate to the dorsal sepal forming a hood and a characteristically curved and saccate hypochile.
Occurrence: Trivandrum District.
Distribution: National Endemic (From Bihar to Western Ghats).
2. Brachycorythis splendida Summerh., Kew Bull. 2:240. 1955; Abraham and Vatsala 1981:256.
Habenaria iantha J.D. Hook., Fl. Britt. Ind. 6:164.1890, descr. tantum. partim, excl. syn.
This is the largest flowered species of the genus in Southern India.
Occurrence: Trivandrum, Idukki, Palghat and Wayanad Districts.
Distribution: Regional endemic (Kerala and Tamil Nadu).
3. Brachycorythis wightii Summerh., Kew Bull. 2: 242.1955; Pushpangadan and Sathish Kumar 1995:960.
Habenaria iantha J.D.Hook., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: 164.1891. quoad descr., partim, excl. syn.
B. wightii is nearly allied to B. splendida and often seen together with it in field but differs in having a densely leafy stature with less clearly defined inflorescence and flower having free sepals and petals.
Occurrence: Idukki District.
Distribution: Local Endemic (Kerala).
Orchid Kerala India - Conceived, Crafted and Cared for by Jithin & Sinu.