Coelogyne - Lindley

 


An Indo-Malesian genus of about 200 species of epiphytic or lithophytic orchids, Coelogyne is represented in India by 35 species . Four species are found in Kerala.

1. Coelogyne breviscapa Lindl., Fol. Orch. Coelogyne 4. 1853 (excl.syn.): J.D. Hook . 1890 : 833, pro parte; Fischer in Gamble 1928: 1430 ; Jain & Das 1980 : 20 ; Abraham & Vatsala 1981 : 277; Joseph 1982 : 118 ; Seidenfaden in Matthew 1983 : 1574; Joseph 1987: 160.

Coelogyne angutiifolia Wight , Ic.Pl. Ind. Or. 5(1): 5.t. 1641. 1851,non A .Richard 1841.

Described by Lindley based on walker's collection from Sri Lanka .This species of characterized by white flowers and a lip which has 3 crenate , apically yellowish keels on the disc.

Occurrence :Pathanamthitta , Idukki and Palghat Districts.

Distribution : South India (Karnataka , Kerala , Tamil Nadu) and Sri Lanka.

2. Coelogyne mossiae Rolfe, kew Bull. 1894: 156. 1894;Fischer in Gamble 1928: 1429 ;Das & Jain 1978: 195 & 1980: 18 ; Abraham & Vatsala 1981: 285 ; Joseph 1982 : 116 & 1987 : 155.

Described by Rolfe based on a plant received from John S. Moss in June 1890 from Nilgiris . This species is nearly allied to Coelogyne nervosa A.Rich. but different in having entire keels .

Occurrence : Idukki and Wayanad Districts.

Distribtion : Regional Endemic(Kerala ,Tamil Nadu).

3. Coelogyne nervosa A. Rich., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. (ser.2) 15: 16 . 1841; Fischer in Gamble 1928: 1430 ; Das & Jain 1980 : 18 ; Abraham & Vatsala 1981: 285 ;Joseph 1982 : 118 & 1987: 157.

Coelogyne corrugata Wight ,Ic. Pl. Ind. Or. 5 (1) : 5 .t. 1639. 1851; J.D. Hook . 1890; 835.

Richard described this species based on a collection by Perrottet from Nedddoubetta (Naduwattom) in Nilgiris. Lip of this species is characterized by 3 crisped lamellae.

Occurrence : Trivandrum , Idukku ,Palghat and Wayanad Districts. s

Distribution : Regional Endemic (Kerala , Tamil Nadu).

4. Coelogyne odoratissima Lindl. , Gen . Sp. Orch. 41 . 1430 ; Wight 1851 : 5.t. 1640 ; J.D. Hook . 1890 ; 834; Fischer in Gamble 1928: 1430 ; Sharma & Rathakrishnan 1971; 351; Abraham & Varsala 1981: 277; Jayaweera in Dassanayake & Fosberg 1982 : 116 ; Joseph 1982 : 119& 1987 : 160.

Coelogyne angustifolia A. Rich ., Ann. Sc. Nat. Bot. (ser . 2) 15 : 16 . pl. 6. 1841.

Lindley described this species based on a collection made by Macrae in 1829 from Nuware Eliya in Sri Lanka . Epiphytic on Rhododendron arboreum , Rapanea wightiana , Syzygium sp.etc. and sometimes on moss clad rocks.

Occurrence : Palghat and Wayanad Districts.

Distribution : South India (Karnataka , Kerala , Tamil Nadu) and Sri Lanka .

 

 
 

 

Orchid Kerala India - Conceived, Crafted and Cared for by Jithin & Sinu.