Cottonia - Wight


A monotypic Indo-Sri Lankan genus of monopodial orchid characterized by Vandaceous habit and very long peduncle of many bee-shaped flowers .

1. Cottonia peduncularis (Lindl). rchb.f. , Cat. Orch. Shiller 52. 1857: Santapau & Kapadia 1966: 222; Abraham & Vatsala 1981 : 456 ; Joseph 1982 : 126 & 1987: 169.

Vanda peduncularis Lindl., Gen .Sp. Orch. 216. 1833.

Cottonia macrostachya Wight , Ic.Pl. Ind. Or. 5 (1): 21 .t. 1755. 1851 ; J. D. Hook . 1890 : 26 ; Fischer in Gamble 1928 : 1439.

Lindley (1833) published his Vanda peduncularis based on Macrae's collection from Sri Lanka . Many years later, Wight established his new genus Cottonia based on Jerdon's coloured sketch and specimen calling it C. macrostachya evidently denoting the remarkably long inflorescence axis. A few years later Reichenbach f., found these two conspecific and accordingly proposed the new combination .

Occurrence : Quilon , Idukki , Thrissur, Palghat , Wayanad and Kannur Districts.

Distribution : Peninsular India (Maharashtra , Karnataka ,Kerala , Tamil Nadu , Orissa ) and Sri Lanka .

 

 
 

 

Orchid Kerala India - Conceived, Crafted and Cared for by Jithin & Sinu.