Crepidium - Blume


Crepidium is an Indo-Malesio-Australasian genus described by Blume (1825) and till recently sunken under Malaxis Sol. ex Sw. when Szlachetko (1995) reinstated it distinguishing from other related genera by the lip auricles which stretch backwards on both sides of the gynostemium .The genus has over 200 species with 14 species recorded from India .Two species are found in Kerala .

1. Crepidium purpureum (Lindl.)Szlach., Syst. Orch. 131. 1995.

Microstylis purpurea Lindl. , Gen . sp . Orch. 20. 1830. Malaxis purpurea (Lindl.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 2: 673. 1891: Seidenfaden 1978: 63.

Malaxis acuminata auct. non. D. Don.: Rathakrishnan 1971 : 4 & 1972 : 98; Abraham & Vatsala 1981: 396; Joseph 1982 : 33 ; Seidenfaden in Matthew 1983: 1582 ; Joseph 1987 : 39.

Microstylis wallichii auct. non Lindl. : J.D.Hook . 1888: 686 pro parte; Fischer in Gamble 1928 : 1407.

South Indian record were earlier wrongly pur under Malaxis acuminata D.Don. which is a Himalayan species .

Occurrence : Quilon , Idukki and Palghat Districts.

Distribution : India , Sri Lanka , Thailand , Laos, Vietnam , China and the Philippines.

2. Crepidium mackinnonii Duthie , J. As. Soc. Bengal 71 (2) : 37 . 1902.

Malaxis mackinnonii (Duthie) Ames, Orch. 6 : 289. 1920; Santapau & Kapadia 1966: 140 ; Seidenfaden 1978: 50 ; Abraham & Vatsala 1981: 394.

Duthie (1902)described this species from Western Himalaya ; it is characterized by the small but broad radical leaves that lie flat on the ground.

Occurrence : Idukki and Palghat districts .

Distribution : India , Thailand and China .

 

 
 

 

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