Smithsonia - Saldanha


A South Indian endemic genus of three species, Smithsonia is superfically Phalaenopsis like but the lip is curiously constructed and pollinia are 4 in two unequal halves . All the three species are found in Kerala .

1. Smithsonia maculata (Dalz.) Saldanha , Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 71: 74. 1974; Saldanha in Saldanha & Nicolson 1976: 850 .

Micropera maculata Dalz., Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard .Misc . 3 : 282 . 1851.

Saccolabium maculatum (Dalz.) J.D. Hook ., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6 : 64. 1890.

Gastrochilus maculatus (Dalz) Kuntze , Rev. Gen .Pl. 2 : 661. 1891; Santapau & Kapadia 1966: 227.

Loxoma maculatum (Dalz.) Garay , Bot.Mus. Leafl. Harv. Univ. 23 (4) : 184. 1972.

Dalzell's Micropera maculata was the basis for proposal of the new genus Loxoma by Garay (1972: 183) who differentated it from Gastrochilus by the general apperance , in the reclining column , in the presence of a short column -foot and in the distinctly divided pollinia . Garay's Loxama is an illegitimate homonym of that of Loxoma is an illegitimate homonym of that of Loxoma is an illegitimate homonym of that Loxoma is an illegitimate homonym of that of Loxoma R. Br. ex Cunningham (=Loxsoma R. Br. ex Cunningham emend.W. J. Hook ., Loxsomaceae) of 1837. Saldanha described his Smithsonia to include Dalzell's two species and his novelty from Karnataka .

Occurrence : Trivandrum District.

Distribution : Regional Endemic (Karnataka , Kerala , Tamil Nadu )

2. Smithsonia straminea Saldanha , J. Bombay Nat. Hist . Soc. 71: 74 . 1974 ; Saldanha in Saldanha & Nicolson 1976 : 850 ; Joseph 7 Vajravelu 1978(1979): 169.

Saldanha described this species based on collections from hassan district , Karnataka . Joseph & vajravelu reported its extended distribution in Kerala .

Occurrence : Trivandrum , Thrissur, Palghat and Wayanad Districts.

Distribution : Regional Endemic (Karnataka , Kerala )

3. Smithsonia viridiflora (Dalz.) saldanha , J. Bombay Nat. Hist . Soc. 71: 75 . 1974 : Christenson 1985 : 958.

Mciropera viridiflora Dalz., Hooer's J. Bot. J. Bot. Kew. Gard. Misc. 3: 282 . 1851.

Sarcochilus dalzellianus Santapau , Kew Bull . 498. 1949.

Gastrochilus dalzellianus (Santapau) santapau , J. Bombay Nat. Hist Soc. 59 : 849. 1963; Santapau & Kapadia 1966: 228.

Aerides dalzellianus (Santapau) Garay , Bot. Mus. Leaf. Harv. Univ. 23 (4): 158 . 1972.

dalzell described this species after a collection from Konkan

Occurrence : Trivandrum , pathanamthitta districts. Distribution : Regional Endemic (Maharashtra , Karnataka and Kerala.

 

 
 

 

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