Thrixspermum - Loureiro


An Indo-Malesian genus of about 165 species of epiphytic orchids, Thrixpermum is represented in India by eight species and a solitary variety . Three species are known from Kerala .

1. Thrixspermum pulchellum (Thw. ) Schltr., Orchids 5: 57 . 1911. Jayaweera in Dassanayake & Fosberg 1981: 193; Manilal & Sathish kumar 1986: 11. Dendrocolla pulchella Thw., Enum . Pl. Zeyl. 430. 1864.

Thwaites described this species based on a Sri Lankan collection . We (Manilal & Sathish Kumar 1986) reported this for the first time from India (See fig. 27& pl. XVc)

Occurrence : Trivandrum District.

Distribution : South India (Kerala ) and Sir Lanka .

2 . Thrixspermum trichoglottis (J.D. Hook .) Kuntze ,Rev. Gen. Pl 2 : 682 . 1891 ; seidenfaden 1988 : 162 . Fig . 100 , pl. xviiia.

Sarcochilus trichoglottis J.D. Hook ., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: 39. 1890& 1892 : T. 2121.

Dendrocolla alba Ridl., J. Str. Br. Roy.As. Soc. 44: 191. 1905.

Thrixspermum album (Ridl., ) Schltr., Orchis 5, 4: 56. 1911; Nair& Mohanana 1982: 289.

Nair & Mohanan (1982) reported this species for the first time from India .

Occurrence : Quillon District .

Distribution : India to Borneo .

3. Thxispermum walkeri Seidenf. & Ormerod , Descr.Epidendr. Koenig 26. 1995.

Sarcochilus walkeri J.D .Hook., in sched ., nom. unpublished .

Liparis serraeformis auct ., non Lindl. .: Lindley , gen . Sp. Orch. 32 . 1830 . prop parte (only the Ceylon specimens ).

Sarcochilus serraeformis auct ., non Lindl. Rchb.f. : Reichenbach f. in Walp. Ann. 6: 498. 1861,pro parte; Trimen 1885: 89.

Dendrocolla serraeformis auct. non (lindl.) Rchb.f. : Reichenbach f. Xenia Orch. 2: 121. 1867 , pro parte .Sarcochilus complanatus auct. non (Koenig) J.D. Hook .: J. hook ., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: 41. 1890, pro parte.

Thrixspermum complanatum auct. non (Koenig) Schltr.: Schlechter 1911: 55, pro parte: Alston in Trimen 1931: 277; Jayaweera in Dassanayake & Fosberg 1981: 195; Sathish Kumar & Manilal.1994: 61.

Thrixspermum arachnites auct. non (bl.) Rchb.f. : Abraham & Vatsala 1981 : 458 .

This species was originally described from Sri Lanka . We found it growing in Alattil , Wayanad .

Occurrence : Wayanad District .

Distribution : South India (Kerala) and Sri Lanka.

 

 
 

 

Orchid Kerala India - Conceived, Crafted and Cared for by Jithin & Sinu.